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Or, using your browser's search function, you can search the entire Dictionary.For example in internet Explorore use Control F and in Apple Command F.Many of the tabular and lenticular beads date to the third millennium BC.

Their shells were traded near the Pacific Ocean and then trekked by foot far inland, to the deserts and high plateaus of the Southwest in pre-Columbian times.

There the Anasazi and other Native American artisans cut abalone shell into thin disk beads and geometric pendants, and crafted inlaid and mosaic ornaments combining shell with other precious materials, such as jet and turquoise.

Adjagba typically have a yellow or ochre matrix with a grainy texture, which is decorated with longitudinal stripes, often twisted into spirals, in black, blue, green, brown, or red.

Occasionally the beads are further embellished with spots, circles, or equatorial bands.

These included materials that were regarded as precious in antiquity—lapis lazuli and hardstones, such as agates and rock crystals—as well as stones or minerals that were attractive for their patterns or grains, which were enhanced by ancient lapidaries.

This continually war-torn country probably did not produce all these beads; neighboring Pakistan and India, who were also beadmakers in ancient times, likely produced some of them.A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z This iridescent finish used on glass and plastic beads is named after the colorful lights seen in northern skies, the aurora borealis, or AB for short. AB beads may be any color and are usually monochromatic and transparent, but they may also be matte or even pearlized, as well as striped or silver-lined.Beads are given an AB finish by passing them through vaporized metal ions.In addition, Afghanistan was a source of etched carnelians of various types and even some shell beads.The beads shown in these images range in age from the Neolithic Period to Islamic times and measure from 0.8 to 6.7 cm long.Contemporary abalone shell beads and pendants made in the Philippines also often feature inlay and mosaic work.