[Bristol and Philadelphia: Institute of Physics Publishing, 1996], 303).
Gove even jokingly compares the possibility that the carbon dating is wrong to the possibility that "the law of gravity is in error" (305).
As an archaeologist, I had used C-14 dating many dozens of times on excavated samples, and found that it does generally but not always give accurate results. Rogue results were normally discarded without any follow-up research, when it was abundantly clear that something was amiss, whether it was due to contamination or "old wood" or residual material from an earlier phase or intrusive from a later one.
Most other archaeologists and geologists that I know have the same view; a few are more skeptical of its reliability. Such rogue dates are common in archaeology and geology and they are usually not subjected to any further detailed study.
In my quotation above, Meacham referred to "the still unknown conditions of image formation".
Even if somebody thinks it's likely that the image formed as a result of Jesus' resurrection, as I do, we don't know much about the details involved.
His book is especially good on the subject of carbon dating.
Since carbon dating is the primary argument raised against the large amount of evidence we have for the Shroud's authenticity, it's important that we rightly gauge the significance of the carbon dating that was done in 1988.The debate within the professions has been largely about its accuracy in settling fine-grained chronological questions, for example the question of whether a city was sacked in 703 B. Instead, the normal practice would be to seek more and better samples, obtain new C-14 dates and review the overall clustering pattern indicated by the dates.Such has been my experience as an archaeologist: I have excavated, submitted and interpreted around one hundred fifty C-14 samples from Neolithic, Bronze Age and Early Historical sites.On the other hand, Timothy Jull, a member of the University of Arizona lab that tested the Shroud in 1988, published an article in 2010 that cast doubt on Rogers' findings.In 2013, Hugh Farey wrote an article that discusses problems with the reweave hypothesis (the view that the section of the Shroud tested in 1988 contains some more recent threads woven into the original cloth during a repair, so that the more recent threads would distort the carbon dating).Sometimes, people will object to the Shroud by citing the 1988 carbon dating alone, as if that dating by itself is sufficient reason to dismiss the Shroud.